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AMA Format

AMA Format Guidelines

American Medical Association (AMA)

American Medical Association style (AMA), refers to the styling of journal manuscripts. A great number of medical journals ask the authors to use AMA style to prepare the punctuation, scientific writing style, grammar, and references of their manuscripts. Medical publishers together with these journals use the style as it is or modify it for their publication.

Below, you will find how books, journal articles, newspapers, magazines, encyclopedia articles or websites should be cited according to AMA format.

Okuda M, Okuda D. Star Trek Chronology: the History of the Future. New York: Pocket Books; 1993.

Journal or Magazine Article
Wilcox RV. Shifting roles and synthetic women in Star Trek: The Next Generation. Stud Pop Culture. 1991; 13:53-65.

Newspaper, Magazine or Journal Article
Di Rado A. Trekking through college: classes explore modern society using the world of Star Trek. Los Angeles Times. March 15, 1995:A3.

Encyclopedia Article
Sturgeon T. Science fiction. In: Lorimer LT, editorial director; Cummings C, ed-in-chief; Leish KW, managing ed. The Encyclopedia Americana. Vol 24. International ed. Danbury, Conn: Grolier Incorporated; 1995:390-392.

Book Article or Chapter
James NE. Two sides of paradise: the Eden myth according to Kirk and Spock. In: Palumbo D, ed. Spectrum of the Fantastic. Westport, Conn: Greenwood; 1988:219-223.

ERIC Document
Fuss-Reineck M. Sibling Communication in Star Trek: The Next Generation: Conflicts Between Brothers. Miami, Fla: Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association; 1993. ERIC Document Reproduction Service ED364932.

Lynch T. DSN Trials and tribble-ations review. Psi Phi: Bradley's Science Fiction Club Web site. 1996. Available at: Accessed October 8, 1997.

Journal Article on the Internet
McCoy LH. Respiratory changes in Vulcans during pon farr. J Extr Med. 1999;47:237-247. Available at: Accessed April 7, 1999. AMA Style Guide:

Items are listed numerically in the order they are cited in the text.

  • Authors: use initials of first and second names with no spaces. Include up to six authors. If there are more than six, include the first three, followed by et al. If no author is given, start with the title.
  • Books: include the edition statement (ex: 3rd ed. or Rev ed.) between the title and place if it is not the first edition.
  • Place: use abbreviations of states, not postal codes.
  • Journals: abbreviate titles as shown in Index Medicus. If the journal does not paginate continuously through the volume, include the month (and day).
  • Websites: include the name of the webpage, the name of the entire website, the full date of the page (if available), and the date you looked at it.

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